From the start of our history classes, in the United States, we are taught about what colonization is. When we are in elementary school, we learn how America was formed from the original 13 colonies of England. As we get older, we learn that America was not the only country that was once a group of colonies. Students are taught about the European race to colonize the continent of Africa, and then some. While colonization has been outdated for the most part, in the twenty-first century, there is a possibility for it to continue off of Earth. Space colonization is exactly what it sounds like, the colonization of space, but where can we do that? How can we do it? Should we or shouldn’t we? TV Shows like “The 100” and movies like “Avatar” explore the need for space colonization and exploration. There are a variety of pros and cons to this debate, but while we may not have the technology and resources to begin right now, I am in favor of space colonization for the sake of saving humanity, Earth, and space exploration.
Humanity is, as far as we know it, the only advanced living species in the universe. All of humanity has lived on Earth since our evolution. If there were to be a planetary disaster, whether man-made or natural, the human race would go extinct, unless we found another way. As global warming becomes a lingering issue, we are rushing to find new ways to save the Earth. What if we can’t save Earth in time? We need to start looking towards moving humanity elsewhere. If the Earth becomes uninhabitable, we need to find a way to keep our species alive and space colonization could be the answer. In the event of a disaster, we could move to planets or celestial bodies that scientists have deemed to be closest to the Earth, in terms of human habitation. Examples of these would be: Earth’s moon, Mars, Jupiter’s moon Europa, or Saturn’s moon Titan. If we could start trying to put projects together for the creation of space colonies in at least one of these places, right now, we would be ahead of the game.
The Earth may not last forever, but as the only place completely habitable at the moment, we need to find ways to save it. There are options on the planet that people are trying to stop climate change, among other things, space colonization is a way to help this. If we move people to colonies in space, it will help with many things on Earth. It would solve the problem of overpopulation and cut back on the use of electricity and the use of natural resources. People in space would also be able to explore their new homes and expand into space, should they have the ability to do so. Space exploration within and around new colonies could lead to people finding more natural resources, not only for themselves, but to send to Earth. The article says: “The Solar System alone has, according to different estimates, enough material and energy to support anywhere from several thousand to over a billion times that of the current Earth-based human population”. This means that there are more than enough resources to replenish the population on Earth and those in colonies.
Humanity cannot wait until the last second to try space colonization because mother nature won’t wait for disaster and war comes up at any moment.