The Real Cost

In a  photograph posted by the Federal Drug Administration, in “The Real Cost”, a campaign to stop teens from vaping e-cigarettes, triggers an emotional reaction from viewers. The intention of this advertisement is to scare teenagers from engaging in the consumption of the product. This image is effective in targeting this specific audience through 3 things: the textual content, the imagery and the colors.

The text is critical in ensuring a experience of logos, or credibility, in thecommercial. Teenagers are usually rebellious when a person is saying “no”, to a arguable thing like vaping. This text states the obvious, “Vaping can put dangerous chemicals..”. The next phrase gives the FDA credibility by talking about a specific drug in e-cigarettes, diacetyl.

This picture can help teenagers understand that a short-lived buzz has a greater impact on their bodies than they’ll realize. Through the text saying, “the real cost”, young adults are more likely to recognize that their actions have a cost- the irreversible harm carried out to their lungs. By showing the face of the girl using e-cigs, young adults can see the result in their own smoking. It’s apparent that this girl is reasonably young, but her distorted face makes one question what precisely caused it. This feeling of being “buzzed” in no manner compares to the impact of nicotine to the body. The marks on her face appears as if some thing was crawling through her body. This component of the photograph suggests to the target audience that the chemicals in nicotine are foreign and are not meant to be in your body. The girls expression appears as if she is wants to quit, likely because she is understanding the negative outcomes on her body. If teens can see the bodily harm their bad habits entail, they’re much more likely to stop.

The setting of the photograph is also essential. Most teens using e-cigarettes are doing so without their parents or guardians knowing. This photo takes place in a bathroom. The girl has a backpack on, which contributes to the idea that this may take place in a school. The woman is hiding because she doesn’t want to be caught with this product. The coloring used on this picture also assists in setting a mood for the picture. Overall, dark colors are being used. Dark purple is on the girl’s flannel. This color provoked emotions of sadness. The yellow-green shade on the wall is related sickness and discord. These hues are essential in stirring up emotions that align with the message the FDA is attempting to expose to teenagers.

This picture portrayed e-cigarette use as a risky addiction with long term, health altering effects on teens. The slogan, “The Real Cost”, explains that there’s an underlying value that doesn’t have to do with money. The actual price of using e-cigarettes is the health of it’s users. The FDA is a success in using this advertisement because of their use of text, imagery and the coloring of the advertisement. The text gives details that a ten will not argue with. Their use of precise chemical names shows teens that the issue their use has harmful things in it. The girl within the advertisement’s facial response and physical. capabilities first put young adults in her position because of her age. Next, the harm done to her body by the e-cigarettes warns the viewer of nicotines damage to the body. Finally, the colors used during the photo display exactly the mood the reader was intended to feel. Overall, this photograph did the job of warning young adults to stop using these devices before they pay ‘the real cost’.

Image result for ads about anti vaping

What to do When Grandma Can’t Take Her Medicine

The prices of prescription drugs are incredibly high, leaving elderly consumers, many crippled with illnesses that require them, in debt. Through examining current prescription drugs and their extremely high prices, it is clear that there must be some sort of policy reform in order to preserve the lives and health of the ever-growing senior citizen population. This reform will be explained through two options to affect current legislation: drug affordability review and drug transparency. High prices for prescription drugs are very impactful on seniors due to their fixed incomes. AARP’s data from 2015 shows that for one type of prescription drug its cost now is over $5,800 annually. According to statistics from AARP, for an older adult that takes 4.5 prescription drugs per month, its annual average price is up to $26,000- this is 80% of Americans.

Senior citizens have taken it into their own hands to combat these pricing issues. Across the nation, many have stopped taking their medicines, leading to health failure and a poor quality and longevity of life. Sadly, as the large population of baby boomers (those born between 1946 and 1964) ages, the number of individuals with illness is likely to grow, leading to an increase in drug production and drug prices. This population is the largest in the United States.

via Baby Boomer Magazine

There are two possible solutions to this issue. One option to reduce the prices of prescription drugs is a drug affordability review board. An affordability review board sets up a process for states to review drug costs through evaluating current costs. They then establish a ceiling on how much their state program will pay for drugs. The 2019 Prescription Drug Affordability Board Act shows that Maryland was the first state to pass a law. State legislation to require drug transparency would require drug manufacturers to report pricing data to the Department of Health and Human Services. This would ensure that drug manufacturers would be held accountable for price increases. Drug transparency can also help to put public pressure on drug manufacturers by posting their prices if they are raised over a certain amount or percentage in one year


As a new generation of voters arise, it’s important to exercise the right to impact these decisions. Laws like these are going to become an essential part of how your parents, grandparents, and many other loved one’s age. Imagine what life would be like if they had to choose between paying rent or taking a prescription they need in order to survive. Their healthcare should be affordable and accessible. It’s crucial to make a change. 

P3 thoughts

My plans for P3 are to discuss the problem with the current costs of prescriptions in the United States specifically regarding senior citizens. I will argue that this is a major issue in need of legislation, and 3 potential ways to reduce these prices. I am going to cite multiple policy briefs I have studied, along with the general costs and income that the elderly population pay and receive. To avoid getting “off track”, I plan on writing a detailed outline. I am somewhat anxious about this topic, being that it is about legislation, but I am hoping that with facts and statistics that this essay is informative, interesting, and provokes a desire in the reader to also desire legislation to improve this current issue. 

The High Cost of Prescription Drugs

My proposal is to find alternatives to the crippling costs of prescription drugs. These drugs are necessary for many to live, and their extreme prices are causing many consumers to limit their medicinal intake, quit taking their prescriptions, or make tradeoffs to afford them. I will be exploring this issue and its direct relation to senior citizens.

There are many alternatives to this extreme drug pricing. In this essay I will propose three alternatives- drug transparency, drug importation from Canada, and a drug affordability review board. All three of these, if implemented into active legislation, could help sustain an older generation both through their health and financial stability.

Space Colonization- Who is in Charge?

There have been a multitude of arguments made for space colonization over the course of the past 60 years. Though this concept may be mesmerizing, and space colonization could open up entirely new possibilities that could benefit the increasing human-race while simultaneously preserving the biosphere in the occasion that a devastating disaster occurs. However, this bold idea could have even more devastating results, one of them being which nation controls what.

There is no way to successfully divide space, let alone an inhabitable planet, among the many nations that are on earth. This battle for control between the powerful economies and militaries globally would surely turn universal pending the colonization of space. This would surely cause new wars and more exploitation of people and goods. There is also a large lack of public support for this due to the financial, physical and human resources needed, meaning it could take longer for certain nations to implement colonizing space. This may cause wars on earth, whether between nations or a divided one ( ). In all, space colonization would cause warfare and disagreements among the nations, and would do more harm than good.

An Analysis of “Did Human-Induced Climate Change Contribute to the Syrian Civil War?”

In this essay, Brandon Bell writes about climate change due to water mismanagement in Syria. He sheds light on it’s ultimately negative consequences, like the Syrian Civil War. Bell argues that the water mismanagement, being neglected by political officials, led to poor economic conditions, acting as a catalyst for public uprising. Bell backs his argument with scientific sources, such as the United States Department of Commerce’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. This, combined with his detailed narrative, contributed to ethos. Overall, Bell’s analytical tone and his use of rhetorical elements caused this essay to be both effective and informative. Bell presents this topic in a way that seems more informative than argumentative, showing the reader exactly which point he is making.

Did Human-Induced Climate Change Contribute to the Syrian Civil War?

The author’s thesis is stated at the end of the first paragraph when they state, “I argue this overarching connection demonstrates the partial but hugely consequential role of climate change in causing the ongoing deadly conflict between the Syrian citizens and their government because the former faced the negative effects of climate change while the latter failed to meaningfully respond to these issues.” 

The audience is society. This piece was written with the intent of educating while persuading.

Ethos- The writer establishes a credible reputation by explaining himself thoroughly and using quite a few statistics (each with a citation) to reaffirm his points. This is the most used element in this piece.

Logos- The writer again uses a logical appeal, as seen in the multiple statistics and direct quotes from those employed at universities globally, each studying climate change. 

Pathos- The title of the piece directly appeals to the reader’s emotions. Talking about the societal conflict allows the reader to easily place themselves into the shoes of the people who are struggling. 

The author is pursuing a factual argument instead of an emotional one, even though this could have been done effectively either way.

The Thanksgiving Day Surprise

It was a beautiful, brisk November day. The ground was abstractly painted with auburn, brown, and faded yellow, and the smell of pumpkin-turned-evergreen adorned the household. It was Thanksgiving, and in my household, Thanksgiving is one of many holidays that all 37 of my cousins, 16 aunts and uncles, both sets of grandparents, and any close friends come over for a feast. After our holiday guests departed, bellies stuffed with turkey, mashed potatoes and every flavor of pie, my parents decided that this very evening was the perfect time to announce some news to my younger brother, Evan, and I.

In 2010, mom was 41, and my dad was 43. I had a perfect, little family of 4, and I had just began my third grade year. My parents told Evan and I to sit down and that we had to look at a picture. This wasn’t an ordinary picture by any means. It was an ultrasound. After playing a guessing game of “who is this baby”, my parents broke the news. My mom was pregnant with a baby girl, and pretty soon, our family of 4, would become a family of 5.

As an eleven year old, this was very exciting. I remember thinking of all of the things I could do with her, and how we would be best friends forever. However, after she was born, I was in for a rude awakening.

Shortly after my new baby sister, Olivia, was born, my parents both went back to work full time, leaving me with the part time job (unpaid and involuntary, of course) of babysitting her along with my brother every day after school. This was especially difficult because Olivia and Evan fought everyday.

The experience of having a sibling who is over 10 years younger than you teaches more lessons than you’d think. Primarily, it teaches responsibility. Learning how to care for a child is an irreplaceable skill. Next, it teaches you how to be a leader. I learned this talent through mediating many arguments between my younger siblings. But, the MOST important thing I learned was the value of time, and living everyday to the fullest. My sister has been growing up so fast, and I have learned to cherish every second I possibly can.

Who is she?

Hey everyone! My name is Becca. I was born and raised right here, in Newark, Delaware. During the summer, I live at my family’s second home in Bethany Beach. Needless to say, I am a beach bum. Most of my hobbies involve the beach too. For example, I love to swim, kayak, paddle board, fish, and even make failed attempts at surfing. However, my absolute favorite thing to do is read a good book while basking in the afternoon sun.

I am a Public Policy and Administration major. My dad is a lobbyist and truly my inspiration. I hope to be as impactful as he is someday. I love my family and my friends, and I hope to make some of you my friends too. I live in Russell, so if anyone ever wants to have a study date or just some girl time, don’t hesitate to reach out.