P2 Proposal

I was planning on doing my essay on how psilocybin mushrooms can be used to treat depression, anxiety, and other mental health issues

(Including coverage of the adverse effects of psilosybin mushrooms don’t worry)

My plan is to go broader and mention other psychadelics being used in therapy for healing mentally and physically.


Fermi Paradox

The Fermi Paradox is really an argument based off of empirical evidence that there is extraterrestrial life out there, despite the extreme lack of evidence. It is named after physicist Enrico Fermi, who in 1950 mentioned the idea while out for a lunch with coworkers, having casual conversation. They started talking about their UFO reports and Fermi exclaimed “Where is everybody?” Everyone laughed nervously. After that Michael H. Hart who wrote a paper and formulated and examined the paradox in 1975. The argument covers not only the fact that there is extraterrestrial life out there, but also why they haven’t communicated with us.

They base their beliefs off of several observations. They believe that the scale of space is so large, even infinite.The large scale combines with the high probability that there is intelligent life out there because there are a billion planets and suns out in space and in the milky way. The probability is also high because of the frequency that intelligent life overcomes scarcity and colonizes new environments. This is also supported by various astronomer accounts of UFO’s Hart calculated the probability through Drake’s equation, which was formed in 1961 by Frank Drake to evaluate different probabilities of extraterrestrial life existing.

This equation led to many different results and was used by both sides of the argument. There are some probabilities that there could be up to 100,000,000 civilizations in the Milky Way, which is used by the optimists of the Fermi Paradox. However, some combinations show the probability of less than one civilization in our galaxy, which is taken advantage of by the pessimists of the paradox.

According to another physicist, human beings might not be ready for higher beings to contact us. Some explanations also mention that aliens have already contacted us and we haven’t been listening correctly and that they have already been to Earth. Others say that aliens might not have the technological advances to communicate with us or that they are too far apart from us in space and time. Studies are being done now to see if scientists can make an object travel at the speed of light, which could also be applied to space exploration

Putting a Price on Life

  • Thesis: Debt scares away potential doctors, causing a shortage in primary care doctors alongside an increase in demand.
  • Pathos
    •  The first thing he does is reach out emotionally to the audience. 
    • Picturing a sick kid in the hospital is sad.
    • He relates and gives hope by bringing up his childhood dream career inspired by his time in the hospital.
    • Wanting to help people
  • Ethos 
    • He should know about this topic because he had to look into it seriously for his life career until recently
    • A lengthy citation list is proudly presented at the bottom
  • Logos
    • Use of cited statistics
    • Dr. Ryan Grayson- professor at yale
  • diction – 
    • Use of elevated language to help establish his position as knowledgeable, but not condescending, “copious”
    • Helps establish ethos.
  • Structure- 
    • Longer sentences and paragraphs,, Arellano takes his tim

Waking Up In Italy


Two years ago I went on a trip with my classmates to Greece and Italy. The only person who I really knew who was also going was my best friend. It was beautiful and I learned to keep moving on, even if plans get messed up. I also made a lot of new friends and became closer to my best friend. Seeing other cultures allowed me to see how much America was in a big rush and people seemed to keep to themselves more.

About me

My name is Madison Migliore and I’m a psychology major! I’m very interested in social interactions as a whole but also how the mind works. I also love music and making music and I have been thinking about going on the Musical therapist career pathway. I believe Psychology and English are closely related, along with history. I hope I am able to improve my understanding about many things in this class and also become a better writer.