Capital punishment is a practice that has become a common theme in history books. Execution was used by ancient civilizations with a much different rule book. Since back then laws pertaining to humane treatment of prisoners and human rights were not in place, execution was often cruel and painful for the person being put to death. However, today we are a much more civilized people and now realize that these methods are wrong, leading to most developed countries ceasing these harsh practices, and now lethal injection is the method of choice. However, the practice of killing others for their crimes is still wrong, and it should not be advertised that the answer to violence is more violence. In addition, nowadays, the racial ratios of people receiving the death sentence is unproportional towards minorities and people without the financial ability to fight their accusation, and this is extremely unfair and unjust. Capital punishment should not be legal because it is inhumane and often a result of racism and economic status, rather than a reflection of the crime committed.
Some of the ways in which we are killing people are inhumane. While lethal injection is the primary method used in the U.S., some states use less humane secondary methods. According to the National Conference of State Legislatures, other states use methods such as lethal gas, firing squad, electrocution, and hanging. Using these methods to kill people is not right because even though they might have commited a crime, they do not deserve to die a painful death. The most humane method, lethal injections, is the most popular mode used, but a considerable number of methods used are not as humane, like electrocution, firing squad, etc. These methods all need to be outlawed, and the only way for this to happen is for Congress to make laws and states to make laws to change this.
Another issue with capital punishment is the racial and socioeconomic implications it bears. In the United States, the number of people who have received a death sentence is unproportionately minorities and those living with little money. People of color are more likely to be given a death sentence than a white person, and if a white person is the victim of the crime, the defendant is more likely to be sentenced to death. If a person of color is receiving death as punishment while a white person gets to live when they committed the same crime, then it is clear that there is a major flaw in our judicial system. Another problem is that crimes with white victims are more likely to result in a death sentence. According to the ACLU, “as of October 2002, 12 people have been executed where the defendant was white and the murder victim black, compared with 178 black defendants executed for murders with white victims.” This shockingly unproportionate statistic is proof of how the judicial system favors the white race heavily. Because of this favoritism, minorities are being killed in numbers much higher than for white people. The ACLU also mentions that in the states that capital punishment is still legal, “approximately 98% of the prosecutors are white.” Our broken judicial system is killing many more minorities than white people, and the people who have control over who receives capital punishment are white. This set-up is an invitation for racism and injustice, and it cannot be allowed to continue in this manner.
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